PECAN TREE TYPES
Original in Willard, NC, at the Coastal Plain Branch Station. From open-pollinated seed of 'Schley' planted in 1912; reported first in 1937 by Robert Schmidt. Produses 45 nuts per pound, 54% kernel. Kernels are cream to golden in color, early pollen shed and mid- to late- season pistillate receptivity. Develops early and also produces large quantities, with a tendency to overbear with maturity. Ripens late mid-season, about three days after 'Stuart'.
Original as seedling selection (possibly from 'Stuart' seed) growing in Elloree, SC, discovered in 1920 by W. W. Watson. The Gloria Grande nut is round in cross section with a thick shell, smooth, darkly striped. This tree produces 44 nuts per pound, with 48% kernel. Kernels are golden. Mid- to late-season pollen shed and early to mid-season pistillate receptivity. Resistant to scab, fungal leaf scorch and downy spot.
Original by controlled cross (unknown parents) made by C. Forkert, Ocean Springs, Jackson County, MS. Cross made in 1903. The Desirable nut is round in cross section, and the shell is rough. This tree produces 38 nuts per pound, with 54% kernel. Kernels are golden in color, with wide dorsal grooves. Abundant early pollen shed and mid- to late- season pistillate receptivity. Bears in about 6 years and makes consistent, moderate production of high quality nuts, due in part to self-thinning fruit drop that reduces the number of nuts per cluster. Ripens in late mid-season, shortly after 'Stuart'.
Original by controlled cross ('Mahan' X 'Desirable') made by L. D. Romberg, USDA-ARS, Brownwood, TX. Cross made in 1953; scion grafted into a bearing tree in 1954 and first fruited in 1958. Released in 1976. The nut is round in cross section, and produces 38 nuts per pound, with 58% kernel. Kernels are golden in color. Mid-season pollen shed and early to mid-season receptivity. 'Kiowa' cross pollinates well with 'Desirable'. More precocious than 'Desirable'. Ripens in late mid-season, with 'Desirable'.
Original by controlled cross ('Mohawk' X 'Starking Hardy Giant') made by L. D. Romberg, USDA-ARS, Brownwood, TX. Cross made in 1963. Released in 1984 to be grown throughout the U.S. pecan belt. This tree produces 44 nuts per pund, with 58% kernel. Kernels are golden in color, with early to mid-season pollen shed and mid- to late season receptivity. Precocity and production medium, with some tendency to biennial bearing. Nut matures early, latter half of September.
Seedling selection from the orchard of J. R. Lassabe at Pascagoula, MS. Planted about 1874 using nuts of unknown parentage. This nut is round in cross section; dark stripes on shell. This tree produces 51 nuts per pound, with 49% kernel. Kernels are golden to light brown in color. It has late pollen shed and mid-season pistillate receptivity. Resistant to scab. Late to begin growth in spring, making the cultivar hardy, slow to bear. There are more acres of 'Stuart' trees than any other cultivar.
Original as chance seedling in Tift County, GA, discovered by W. E. Sumner about 1932. This nut is round to flattened in cross section. This tree produces 39 nuts per pound, with 61% kernel. It has mid- to late season pollen shed and early- to mid-season receptivity. Ripens late, almost two weeks after 'Stuart'. Generally resistant to scab, although recently susceptible in some locations. Susceptible to black pecan aphids.